Types of Mushrooms

Fungiare thus known as a series of“eukaryotic” type organisms, which within botany, is part of what is known as the Fungi kingdom, in its general classification. Fungi are also often known as “eumicotas”, since according to their properties they can decompose organic matter, in order to absorb the nutrients they have and then release those nutrients.

The characteristics of this type offungi is that they mainly lack chlorophyll, which can be seen with the naked eye. In addition, the reproduction process occurs asexually; they have a series of spores and their behavior is similar to what is known as parasites, that is, they appear near organic material in the process of decomposition.

Types of mushrooms

For his kind


They are those fungi that generally develop in water, this causes swimming-type spores to develop in their morphology. Among its main characteristics is the fact that they have a single flagellum that they use as a means of transferring from one place to another. They feed on those aquatic plants that are dead and other types of waste in the water.

Phylum Ascomycota

They are commonly known as sac fungi, which present asexual spores. The way these fungi reproduce is from the union of what are known as hyphae, as long as the fungal strains are different from each other. The habitat of these fungi occurs in the forest area in regions where there are decomposing vegetables.

Phylum Basidiomycota

They are known as basidiomycetes that are easily distinguished by the characteristics of their reproductive parts. It is similar to the shape of cava. In this case, the form of reproduction is sexual when different strains unite creating a new nucleus as long as there are basidia. The characteristics of the nuclei will be a genetic load of the parents.


It is normally known as “zygomycetes”, which are those types of fungi that are located on the surface near decomposing animal or plant material. This type of fungus is commonly known when we observe tortillas or bread that is decomposing presenting a series of green spots.

Acidic fruit in the process of decomposition

Examples of mushrooms

Edible mushrooms

They are those types of fungi that in their spores are found within what is known as ascas; Truffles are the type of fungus that is best known and consumed by humans. There is also a variety of yeasts that, when treated correctly, can be edible in the preparation or processing of other foods.

Mushrooms washed and cut in half

Corn fungus

It is a very specific fungus that, under some conditions, tends to affect corn planting, putting the harvest at risk. What these fungi cause is that they gradually deform the corn grains and give them a purple color. In Mexico it is usually consumed a lot and is known as Huitlacoche. It is an important part of the Mexican diet.

Ears with fungus called huitlacoche

Medicinal mushrooms

They are resources used by medical science and laboratories to create products that help treat some diseases. They are generally applied to reduce stress and cause positive effects to counteract cancer in any of its forms and organs. What happens with this type of fungus is that they help to control the immune system.

Diversity of brown fungi

psychoactive mushrooms

They are colloquially called hallucinogenic mushrooms. This is so because these mushrooms have psychoactive properties that, when well administered by a doctor, help to treat mental illnesses; Although many times people use them for other purposes, people who consume it arbitrarily developing psychedelic pictures, putting their integrity at risk.

Clusters of brown mushrooms

Toxic Fungi

Normally these fungi develop secondary metabolites that turn out to be, due to their highly toxic properties for any living being that is exposed to them. This often happens because it causes mind processes, antivirals, and the proper functioning of antibiotics to be significantly and dangerously altered.

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