Types of Blood

When seeing the blood , the main characteristic that we find is that it is red in color, which is the result of a combination and chemical reaction of a vital liquid that is found in all living beings of animal origin and the being itself. human ; that is to say, this is given by a red pigment known as hemoglobin, which, within its chemical components, are the erythrocytes.

Blood is a crucial element for living beings, in which there are some cells in the form of plasmas that, through an interconnected system of veins, travel back and forth through said system to reach organisms through what is a pumping system. That blood when it makes this journey generates an oxygenation system to the body.

Said blood, which is pumped thanks to the heart, is essentially made up of the following components: on the one hand, we have what are known as red blood cells, which are colloquially called erythrocytes, which have the central function of allocating oxygen that leaves the lungs to the rest of the organisms and/or body.

On the other hand, we have the so-called white blood cells, which are colloquially called leukocytes, which have the main function of being a defense element against the bacteria, fungi or parasites themselves. This makes the body itself immune to any virus attack that can not only lead to illness but also to death in extreme cases.

It can also be found in the blood, what is known as plasma, which physically represents the liquid part, where a high protein content is concentrated, vital for the efficient development of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. The correct functioning of this makes the living being in question have a good quality of health.

There are also the so-called platelets, which can be physically observed through a microscope, in which a series of small cell walls are observed that are responsible for protecting the so-called blood vessels. This situation means that when a living being is injured it does not completely bleed out and immediately goes on to a healing process.

Bblood types

Type A blood

People who have this blood type are those who usually have a significant amount of red blood cells in their blood. These will generally show a series of elements called type A antigens, which will be responsible, among other things, for fighting type B antigens with antibodies. This process will be carried out in the area known as plasma.

Statistically it is known that this is one of the most important blood types, in fact it ranks second in order of frequency. According to some statistics, it represents at least 35% of the total population of blood types that exist. This is important in terms of health since, for example, people who have this type of group can donate to types A and AB.

 

Type AB blood

The peculiarity of this type of blood is that the person who possesses it can have one of the two types of blood marked as A or B; depending on the case or the characteristics of the blood in particular. This happens because the blood presents in its content in the blood, two types of antigens. However, it cannot be typified in one or another type of blood since it lacks an antibody in the plasma.

A great benefit of this is that people who have this blood type are called universal donors, since they can be compatible with almost all blood types that exist. An important risk that must be taken into consideration is that these people may have some type of heart complication.

bag with donated blood

Type B blood

They are within this type, the people who present in their blood antibodies, the so-called anti-A, which is installed in the serum of the blood itself. From a statistical point of view, it is known that worldwide, 8% of the population have this type of blood group. It is important to note that people with this blood type must be very careful.

These people have the possibility of being able to donate, if required and under their own will and responsibility, blood to those people who are of the same type, they can even do it with people who have the AB positive blood type. Blood can also be donated in their respective blood banks to optimize the resource of red blood cells.

blood sample in a hospital

Type O blood

The main characteristic of this type of blood is that there are no markers that are both type A and B; that is, the so-called red blood cells in this case do not have the so-called antigens, only unlike AB blood types, here if antibodies are found in the plasma itself. A significant part of the world’s population has this blood type.

It is common for people who have this blood group to have a predisposition to present some inconveniences in their health, generally in the presence of some ulcers in various parts of the body and organs, if not taken care of. In a positive way, in terms of the impact on health, these people have the particularity of being less prone to cancer, unlike other groups, of cancer.

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