The types of industrial maintenance is the cience or technique related to a series of activities that focus on periodically reviewing the facilities and machinery of an industrial complex. If necessary, submit to the repair of the parts that merit it. The main objective is to avoid large-scale failures in the industrial complex.
What is sought with the above is that the production process is not stopped or the corporate image of the company is damaged by presenting faults in the products. Ultimately it is intended that quality control is not affected. For this reason it is of the utmost importance that the machines are always in optimal operating conditions.
The personnel in charge of said area must be constantly monitoring everything related to the maintenance tasks so that the breach of one of them is not lacking, since it will have an important effect. They must, among other things, ensure that the oil changes of the machines are carried out, that the battery charges are correct and that the motors work.
Properly carrying out industrial maintenance in a company will help the company to have a good image since it will be related to quality products and, as a supplier, as a compliant delivery in a timely manner. In addition, the company will have security guarantees avoiding possible accidents.
It is not just about preventing failures in the production system but also major accidents such as fires. There will also be optimal industrial hygiene conditions, production costs can be reduced, maintained or controlled as the case may be. There will be, in general terms, a climate of trust inside and outside the company.
We then have that the functions of the industrial maintenance area , depending on the type, is responsible for repairing, projecting, preserving or maintaining the conditions of industrial machinery and equipment, for which it must have a well-established program that allows the responsible for monitoring each of these activities, as the case may be.
It is basically about having an effective control of the activities that are being carried out related to industrial maintenance. For example, it is necessary to know the hours that the machinery has been operating, measure their performance, detect the exact moment of maintenance, designate the improvement points for each production process.
This is undoubtedly one of the most important activities. It is basically about avoiding, as far as the possibilities of those responsible, the occurrence of some type of failure or breakdown in advance. For this, in addition to monitoring the machines, they must be continuously cleaned, greased and lubricated. Submit to an internal and external inspection process.
The activity basically consists of the maintenance department or related managers constantly, in addition to preventively reviewing any failure or breakdown, having a projection plan that allows anticipating these negative events. For that, it uses a database that records each maintenance activity reviewed to know times.
What is attempted in this action is that any type of failure or breakdown that is detected in the maintenance process can be effectively eliminated or fixed. For this purpose, it is necessary that the staff have the necessary tools and that these at the same time are in optimal conditions. Within the maintenance process it is the most recurrent activity.
Types of industrial maintenance
The main objective is to know the current conditions of the technology and machinery used in the production processes. If in this process it is detected that a piece is obsolete, it is changed immediately. Rather than repair some faults, parts that stop working are replaced. Thus the production process will be optimal.
One of the advantages offered by this type of maintenance is that, if necessary, the parts that are necessary to replace them can be acquired and the operation and performance of the machinery as a whole can be better optimized. For this it is necessary that the employees are continuously updated in the new technological devices of the industrial machines to be used.
It was previously said that industrial maintenance must have a review plan, that is, a log where a monitoring of the operation of industrial machines is developed. In this case, this type of maintenance breaks the norm, that is, we find ourselves with the action of performing maintenance that has not been planned.
That is, it is performed when a fault has been detected regardless of whether it was due to monitoring. Generally, the fault in some machine is evident, so the problem has to be solved. These are events that are carried out urgently and exceed the monitoring system. The key to minimizing the impact on production and machine operation is knowing how long the repair will take.
Among the advantages that we can find in this type of maintenance is the fact that there will be a fixed investment amount that would only be used if something needs to be repaired. The most important thing is that it is not necessary to schedule a time that is not within the planning of the normal activities of the company.
It is important to point out that this type of maintenance is carried out depending on the nature of the failure or breakdown in one of the two phases that are: the failure at the moment and the deferred one. In the first case, it is evident that the correction is made immediately when the anomaly is detected. In the second case, it is necessary to allocate, program and execute an exclusive time for it.
The latter is so because it will be necessary to change some parts and even, in the event of severe or logistical damage to the operation of the machinery, to make it more efficient, modify its structure. This type of event, it should be noted, is rare, although it will be necessary at times, especially when the total replacement of the machinery is expected.
This type of maintenance procedure is carried out when the production in its normal activity stops. The machinery is checked immediately and, if necessary, maintenance is carried out that does not only have to do with repairing a fault but also changing oil, greasing some parts of the machinery, checking battery levels and related activities.
The advantage provided by this type of maintenance is that the possibility of any type of breakdown occurring in any part of the machinery is reduced to the maximum and therefore the production process has to be stopped. This situation minimizes the unbudgeted costs in the company that have to lead to the decision to increase the price of the products.
In this case, it is a matter of keeping track of the failures that industrial machines present, in order to carry out corrections and maintenance. Unlike preventive maintenance, in this case it is the exact moment in which the maintenance is carried out, that is, the fault is repaired at the moment it has been detected without being corrective maintenance.
The advantages of this type of maintenance is that the company does not need to stop the production process, thus avoiding that the commitment to deliver quantities of products in a timely manner is affected. In addition, it is possible to efficiently correct the failures that occur and consequently it will be possible to save unforeseen costs.
Generally this type of maintenance is carried out in the first stage of the production process, along with the first times in which the same machinery begins to be used. This will allow monitoring and clearly defining the true conditions in which the machinery is found to respond to the challenges that will come in the immediate future within its activities.
When it is necessary to make some type of repair of a component that shows some type of fault, these are detected and carried out immediately after an inspection of the use and maximum performance capacity of the equipment has been carried out. With this series of inspections it will be possible to carry out an administrative plan for subsequent revisions.
The highest priority of this type of maintenance is that a small fault can be detected in time, thereby preventing the situation from aggravating. Many times failures are not obvious, hence continuous monitoring. Basically it is about noticing some events or symptoms that can trigger a real failure in the machines and affect their operation.
It is part of a detailed plan arranged in a log in which the review of industrial machinery is monitored at certain time intervals. With this, some type of failure that directly affects the company is avoided. In addition to avoiding affecting the products and stopping production, this activity does not generate costs for the company as it is a daily activity.
The advantages that this type of maintenance provides to the company is that the presence of unexpected failures in industrial machines can be significantly reduced. You will be able to have a clear idea of the current conditions that the machines present as well as their life cycle. Obviously there will be a significant reduction in costs by avoiding stopping production.
It is then understood that the moment in which an activity related to preventive maintenance is going to be carried out will depend on the moment in which a fault or breakdown has been located. The anomaly should be corrected immediately. For this, programs and plans are implemented such as measurement of probable failures, measurement of the thermal levels of the machinery.
In addition, the measurement and monitoring of the vibrations carried out by the particular equipment are carried out. In other words, every activity and component related to the equipment that must be maintained is thoroughly analyzed. Thus, when any irregularity is detected in these measurements, it is corrected.
The parts that are reviewed are, among others, those parts that are susceptible to some type of wear. The optimal levels that each part of the machinery must have in relation to the friction they implement, monitoring of temperatures that avoid excessive heat and some parts of the machinery from burning.
Generally, the wiring systems, the shock absorbers, the nuts, the piping and, in particular, the operation of the engine that they have, where the level and quality of the oils are involved, are involved in this. Gears are also a priority in this type of maintenance as they can break and detonate serious damage.
This type of maintenance is intended for the company to detect at the exact moment, the possibility or level of wear found in a certain area of industrial machinery. In addition, it allows, depending on the case, to anticipate a failure that can severely damage the equipment. This must be monitored continuously since as the time of use progresses the risk increases.
It is understood then that proactive maintenance somehow anticipates events that can be regretted. This is achieved in the series of frequent monitoring that is carried out by those in charge of maintenance, if necessary, to improve the machinery, modifications are made that are immediate and drastic.
The key to the success of this type of maintenance is carrying out evaluation and control programs for the operations and performance of the equipment. What is sought is that the time does not come when the equipment fails for some reason or a part of the equipment is severely damaged. That is the reason for implementing proactive maintenance. Try to anticipate anomalies.
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