Types of chemical solutions

Any process in which a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances is made is known as a chemical solution , in such a way that they are also known as dissolution . That is, two or more substances are taken that are to be mixed for various purposes, which are called solute and solvent.

According to the chemical properties of each element and the temperature that the solvent presents in a particular way, the degree of dissolution that will be presented in the mixture in relation to the solute involved in said process will be determined. Depending precisely on the type of procedure that is given, that chemical solution will have a name.

Types of chemical solutions

Concentrated solutions

In this type of solution, for it to occur properly, it is necessary that the amount of the solute part is equal in relation to what is called solubility capacity. This is achieved when the people who carry out the mixture monitor and establish an ideal temperature without variations in it. In this way the solvent will not cause any type of alteration.

Electrolyte solutions

The particularity of this type of solution is that the result is the presence of an exchange of electrical energy between the solvent and the solute, whatever each of them is. In some cases they are called ionic-type solutions. The above is so since in this mixture there is a high interaction of the ions. Examples that result from this type of solution are bases, acids, and salts.

Non-electrolytic solutions

In this particular case, when a type of mixture is presented, there is no type of transfer of any electrical energy. This happens when one of the factors of the mixture, in this case, the solute, works as a disintegrator of the molecular matter of the resulting mixture. Common examples of this type of solutions are sugars and alcohols.

Gaseous solutions

This type of solution occurs when a person mixes two types of gases to obtain this type of solution, which by its nature is called “gaseous”. Both gases each have the function of solute, on the one hand, and solvent, on the other hand. A common example of this type of solution is when ambient air is combined with nitrogen gas.


glass beaker with smoke

Gas solutions in liquids

This type of solution is explained when two substances are involved in the combination that, when mixed with each other, one turns out to be of origin, an element in a gaseous state and the second, an element that is in a liquid state. One of the most common cases is when a significant amount of oxygen is stirred into the water.

bubbles in liquid solution


Unsaturated solutions

The process that we are going to explain is usually also known as diluted solutions; This is so since the mass that contains the solute solution is usually greater than the mass that contains the solvent. For this to be measured adequately, it is necessary that there is a stable temperature in this mixing process, so that in addition to avoiding misinterpretation of data, it is stable.

The interesting thing about this type of solution is that in order for there to be an ideal degree of saturation, more solute can be added at a certain time and degree. This is possible thanks to the fact that there is no equilibrium between the reaction of the solvent in relation to the solute even when there is a temperature without sudden changes.

Closed bottle with solution


Liquid solutions

When in a mixture that is implemented in a chemical procedure, the part of the solute turns out to be a liquid component, it is called as such, liquid solvent. For this, a premise must be met and that is that the solvent part must be water. Normally, alcohol is also handled. It will happen that regardless of the amount of solute, they will be uniformly dispersed.

Chemical containers with solutions

Saturated solutions

When there is a greater presence of solute in the mixture in relation to the solvent factor, said solution is usually referred to as saturated. For the mixture to be completed, it is necessary for the solute itself and this is possible with a suitable temperature. If it is in the interest of the person who makes the mixture that it has more dissolving capacity, they must add more solute.

Chemistry game with substances

Oversaturated solutions

It is defined as such when in the properties of the mixture we find a greater amount of solution already saturated with solute than with solvent, as long as the same temperature conditions exist. The result of this combination results in a solution with a certain degree of instability that is precisely caused by the higher content of solute in the solvent state.

With the naked eye, you can see some particles in the form of crystals when the temperature directly or indirectly drops considerably. It happens that part of the solute reaches the bottom of the container in which the solution has been made. If someone adds another different chemical component, it will result in a saturated solution.

Containers with colored solutions

Solid to gas solution

It is closely related to the combination of two chemical elements in which one of them is in a solid state and the second in a gaseous state. Many times, these types of solutions tend to occur naturally, for example, when in the air and due to contaminants or the earth’s erosion system, it mixes with dust.

Glass cups with candles inside

Solid and liquid solution

These solutions are the result of the union of a chemical element in a solid state with one that is in a liquid state. This mixture must be given in similar amounts for the chemical combination to be efficient. A characteristic example of this type of solution is found in salt water. In case there is a disproportion in quantities, the liquid must be greater.

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