Analysis is understood as the detailed, detailed and exhaustive study of an issue, theme, event, object, situation, news, problem, etc., in a thorough and conscientious manner, as well as in a systematic, orderly and logical manner. Breaking down the problem or object (in certain cases mentally or physically breaking down the object of analysis), that is, it is broken down, in order to discover and/or remedy a problem, “fractionating into its most elementary parts” the object of analysis for this purpose. way to find the primary elements of the object or situation studied, thus achieving the obtaining of knowledge and results (for example, as in the cases of mathematical analysis, to obtain the result of the movement of a particle or medical analyzes to obtain the result clinician about a patient’s health).
There are various types of analysis that can be classified, by different criteria, by the methods used, by the subject they deal with, etc. Separating the parts of the object of study to obtain a result.
Main types of analysis:
Morphological Analysis.- This is the analysis that takes an object of study (material object, concept, problem, etc.), and breaks it down into its essential parts, to assign all the parts in a certain category and a hierarchical order, allowing In this way, a more detailed study of each “fraction” of the problem in question, facilitating the study of each part, separately, to speed up the resolution of the issue being analyzed.
Structural analysis.-It is the one that refers to the detailed study of the resistance and durability of materials, as well as the structures of objects (buildings, machines), to determine their resistance to use, tensions, forces and wear. An example would be the one that is carried out on the structures of a bridge, to determine if the weight, the wind, the vibrations, and other factors, have an affectation in the structure of the construction, or as in the case of the chassis and the body of a car or plane, to determine wind resistance, thermal changes and so on. It is also called in this way, the analysis that is carried out of the governmental, administrative, business and government structures, in terms of the detection of failures and problems, to locate them and determine possible solutions.
Operation Analysis.- It is the one that is carried out to determine what functions a certain device or product fulfills, checking if the object complies with the parameters and functions for which it has been designed, the energy consumption it requires, the performance of the device, and other qualities. It is usually carried out at the end of the manufacturing processes of various objects and devices, before they are put up for sale.
Scientific Analysis.- These are the various research processes that are carried out to determine what produces a phenomenon, answer why and how the phenomena occur, as well as to find solutions to scientific problems (such as a new drug to treat a disease), using the scientific method to identify a problem, gather the information corresponding to it, observe it, experiment and develop hypotheses, which can be corroborated or refuted, regarding a specific scientific problem.
Economic Analysis.- It is the one that is carried out to study the value of a product or service, establishing production costs, marketing, and the cost-benefit ratios that are intended to be obtained from its sale. It also refers to the analysis that is carried out of the economic and/or financial status of a state, dependency, company or institution, for example by a banking institution for the granting or denial of credits.
Historical Analysis.- This is the meticulous study that is carried out on a specific event or historical period, by delving into the details of the events studied, with the help of documents (writings, newspapers, utensils, tools, coins, etc.), referring to the event or period studied, and that can be obtained, making a critical analysis exploring the various aspects of the event, contrasting information (for example, testimonies in cases of recent events, or divergent documents), to obtain a more reliable result regarding the fact.
Medical Analysis.- Medical or clinical analysis refers to the various experimental tests, which are carried out by doctors or clinical laboratories, for the detection of various anomalies that could indicate, confirm or reveal any condition, deficiency or anomaly in a patient. These can be of various kinds, such as blood, urine or tissue tests, among others. Being used also in addition to the detection of diseases and illnesses, for the detection of cases of pregnancies, as well as being used to determine on some occasions, if the person from whom the analyzes are made, has consumed some substance (for example, drugs ).
Technological Analysis.- Is one that is focused on carrying out an exhaustive and critical examination of the technology used for the construction or elaboration of something (a tool, product or object), including the knowledge, techniques and processes that have been applied for the elaboration of the object of study. An example would be the technological analysis carried out in the elaboration of a microchip, where the elaboration techniques, knowledge and processes that lead to the ultimate goal, which is the technological product (the microchip in this case), are studied.
Mathematical Analysis.- This is the practice that is focused on the detection of existing mathematical variables within a given mathematical operation, and the conjugation of these to provide a solution to a mathematical problem, making use of differential calculus, integral calculus , integral and differential equations, differential geometry and other mathematical tools, to obtain a result.