Knowing the Types of wines and their characteristics can be essential to determine which is the best wine for each person according to their tastes and which is the best dish to accompany each wine (post Pairings and wine)
Wines can be classified in several ways, among the most common, we can find those segmented by age, color, level of alcohol content, strain, etc…
Classification according to color:
Red Wines, White Wines, Rosé Wines
Types of wines according to age:
Without Crianza, Crianza, Reserva, Gran Reserva,
There are countries where other names are incorporated that are related to “better quality“, such is the case of those wines called: Premium, Ultra Premium and Icons; At the same time, there are names related to a “worse quality”, such is the case of Varietal wines (even when the real meaning of a varietal wine differs from the use that is commonly given here, since strictly speaking, a wine varietal, is one where at least 75% of the wine comes from a main variety, for example Cabernet sauvignon , Sauvignon blanc , Syrah , etc.)
Although there are similar names to refer to a classification according to age for wine in the world, there are significant differences between countries in terms of the requirements necessary for its classification, so we must understand each wine according to its country of origin. ( Post: Varietal, Reserva, Gran Reserva, Are there differences in age classification in different countries? )
We commonly hear people say “the older the wine, the better”, however, we must bear in mind that a wine that is older is not necessarily better ( P ost: the older the wine, the better ). Being a living product, wine has a life cycle, an optimal point of consumption. The age of the wine is measured by vintage (year of harvest). All vintages are different, and the same strain may have different characteristics depending on multiple factors that affect the quality of the wine, the main factor being climate. (Post: optimal time for the consumption of a wine)
Types of wines according to sugar content
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According to Vine of wines:
Among the most common strains in red wines we find the following:
Cabernet Sauvignon , Cabernet Franc, Syrah , Tannat, Malbec, Bonarda, Petit Verdot, Merlot, Carmenere , Sangiovese, Tempranillo, Marselan, Pinot Noir, Carignan, Cinsaunt, among others… (What are the characteristics of the different varieties of red wines ?)
Among the most common strains of white wines we find the following:
Chardonnay , Sauvignon Blanc , Semillón, Torrontés, Pedro Ximenéz, Riesling, Viognier, Chenin Blanc, among others… (What are the characteristics of the different white wine strains?)
Among the most common strains of rosé wines we find the following:
Pinot Gris, Syrah, Gewürztraminer, Canarí, among others.
An example of an excellent Syrah-based rosé wine is the Casas del Bosque Reserva Rosé wine or the Maturana Wines Rosado premium wine , a signature wine that drives those who have tried it crazy.
In general, rosé wine has been associated with women, however with more and more men who have begun to drink this type of wine. In addition, the consumption habit of rosé is no longer focused only on summer to beat the heat, but has changed a lot with the arrival of gourmet cuisine through specific and sophisticated pairings.
Undoubtedly, there are countless classifications for the different types of wines, which is why there is no single recipe to define them.
Read Also: The types of wines