Types of justice

The justice is the conglomeration of laws and guidelines that facilitate the organization of behavior among individuals, protecting, facilitating and restricting different behaviors or actions on human action or companies.

But, it is through the legal sciences, that it is very difficult to get a specific concept regarding this term, because various factors are required; Furthermore, there are different definitions as authors, because justice requires a specific context, where very different events or experiences unfold.

However, in each description, values ​​such as truth, tranquility, democracy, and frankness may shine through.

Justice has been a question debated by different philosophers throughout history . Plato was one of them, the thinker understood that justice is the balance of society.

Its adept Aristotle considered it as something equitable, this thought means that it is fundamental to grant each one what is his / her competence and this at the same time is linked to their requirements, contributions to society and particular merits.


  • 1 Types of justice
    • 1.1 Divine justice
    • 1.2 Distributive justice
    • 1.3 Commutative justice
    • 1.4 Retributive justice

Types of justice

divine justice

Divine justice consists of a kind of justice that is executed by God . For believers, God is the only one with the ability to bring divine justice because he can reward or sanction human beings according to their actions.

For this reason, before a crime the justice of men can err, while divine justice is generated without errors, perhaps in the current life, or in the next, when the spirit goes to hell to pay for all sins.

Distributive justice

It is also called economic justice. This is concerned with granting all the members of a community everything that corresponds to it.

But while many individuals agree that resources should be fairly divided, there are many oppositions on the issue.

Commutative justice

It is also known as inorganic justice. This type of justice organizes the bonds between particular individuals, because it is the virtue that favors one person to grant what is due to another.

This kind of justice is executed, specifically, in sales and agreements. It is defined in the line of private agreements, seeking a balance between what is granted and what is received.

The normal thing in the cases that derive from the execution of commutative justice is to offer and receive the same for the same, without considering the abilities or partial conditions of the individuals, appropriating their rights or taking something from them.

The essential errors against commutative justice are fraud , theft and unjust injury.

Retributive justice

This type of justice resorts to the idea that individuals should be treated in the same way that others are treated. It is a retroactive approach that explains that a sanction is a consequence of inappropriate behavior.

The central notion of retributive justice is that the criminal can gain an unfair benefit through his conduct, and therefore it is necessary to give a sanction to balance the event.

In other words, those who do not comply with the laws must be brought to justice and it is necessary that they suffer the results of their criminal activities.

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