Types of approaches

The word focus is used to define the way in which a person, institution, group, etc., will consider a specific point in question, problem or issue, in the context of a negotiation. It consists of a plan that they will deploy and how they will carry it out to ensure that the matter that needs a solution comes to fruition, to a satisfactory end.

The approach can be considered as a specific thematic orientation that is taken when developing a speech.

The probability of using different approaches is most notable in soft sciences , where there are problems in determining a severe scientific proof.


  • 1 Types of focus
    • 1.1 Quantitative approach
    • 1.2 Mixed approach
    • 1.3 Qualitative approach
    • 1.4 Photographic focus
    • 1.5 Selective focus
    • 1.6 Continuous focus
    • 1.7 Broad focus
    • 1.8 Gender approach

Focus types

Quantitative approach

It consists of a part of the study of the observation of numerical information, through statistics, to provide a solution to research questions or to reject or verify a hypothesis .

Mixed approach

It is the union of qualitative and quantitative methods, through the components that comprise the research .

Qualitative approach

It refers to the part of the study of the procedure of gathering information in a descriptive way and of observations to describe conceptual classes in a discursive way.

Photographic focus

From the optical perspective, it is known as focusing the adjustment of the light rays reflected by the element to be photographed with the focus of the lens. In a digital camera the focus is structured by the sensor.

From a more practical perspective, it can be said is to make the object of the scene that you want to draw attention to comes out totally clear in the photograph.

Selective focus

Selective focus is the type of focus where one area of ​​the photo is in focus and the rest is not. To achieve this style, it is advisable to reduce the depth of field as much as possible, something that is possible to achieve by opening the diaphragm as best as possible and using a high focal length.

When depth of field reduction is achieved, it is only necessary to rotate the focus ring until the area to be highlighted is clear.

Continuous focus

Continuous focus is achieved when a photo is fully in focus. This style is almost always achieved by focusing the lens at infinity and using a short focal length. This kind of focus is not likely to be achieved in all situations or with all types of lenses. It is generally used for landscape photography .

Broad focus

This kind of focusing is done by closing the iris. Once this step is done, it is advisable to find the element that is located in the center of what you want to photograph and rotate the focus ring until it is fully focused.

If it has not been done well, all the elements should be in focus, although if the distance between the objects is very pronounced, it is possible that it is possible that the components that are in the furthest planes and in the closest planes are slightly less focused than those that are. they are closer to the center.

Gender approach

The gender approach encompasses the various opportunities that women and men have, the links between them and the different roles that are socially granted to them.  

All these aspects intervene in the achievement of objectives, guidelines and plans of national and international institutions and, therefore, affect the development process of the community.

Gender is linked to all aspects of people’s social and economic, ordinary and private life and establishes characteristics and functions according to sex or the appreciation that society has of it.

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